I am using a published article (reprinted and credited below) on dealing with SA and ID so I don’t have to recreate another article when they exist already. However, I want to make a couple of points when dealing with SA/ID. This article is primarily focused on the possible increase of SA/ID due to the pandemic.

*Medication is NEVER the last resort. These dogs are suffering and mucking around with lavender oil, Thundershirts, pheromones is not the way to go. Can those things work? Maybe, but generally they are completely ineffective with dogs having serious anxiety and while you are fiddling around with other things, the dog is suffering.

*Many dogs with SA/ID cannot be crated as they are so freaked out they may do themselves an injury trying to escape.

*It is imperative that you also set your home up so the dog can be safe. The last dog I had with SA/ID would try to throw himself out of windows in his panic.

*I tend to see SA as the dog having anxiety when a specific person is gone and ID as a dog that needs a human in the house, it doesn’t matter whom. The panic I’ve seen is no better, but the trigger is the distinction.

This is a very tough issue to deal with. I strongly recommend that if you are dealing with SA or ID that you get a professional to help you. The protocol I use is one developed by Malena DeMartini Price: https://malenademartini.com

Prevent Separation Anxiety In Dogs During the COVID-19 Pandemic (written by Betsy A. and published on the website www.poochonacouch.com)

As we navigate this COVID-19 pandemic, are your pets at risk of developing separation anxiety? Are you worried you might see separation anxiety in your dogs when the pandemic is over?

Some dogs are already having a hard time.

The good news is – you can help your dog avoid or lessen the development of separation anxiety. Start now!

I am not a veterinarian nor an animal behaviorist. I present my understanding of health or behavior issues based on personal experience and research I’ve done. If you have a dog with health or behavioral issues, seek professional guidance. I hope you find my post useful.

More dogs will develop separation anxiety issues during this public health crisis

Indeed, dog trainers are already sounding the alarm: they expect an uptick in the number of new separation anxiety cases once the coronavirus pandemic passes and we can all return to our new normal, whatever that is going to be!

Foster dogs are not exempt and are especially affected by this pandemic if they develop separation anxiety. It is harder to find an adopter for a dog with separation anxiety.

When we return to “normal”, we will leave our pets and foster dogs at home, assuming they know things just went back to normal. They will remember the old routine. They’ll flex and adjust, and all will be well.

Not always.

If we do not make changes now to our routines and training, it’s possible our dogs will struggle with the abrupt changes in routines. We can make the transition easier by making changes now.

A Brief Overview of Separation Anxiety

Truth: Separation anxiety is the same thing as a panic disorder!

Symptoms of Separation Anxiety

Dogs with separation anxiety may exhibit behaviors such as:

  • panting

  • drooling

  • vocalizations (whining, grunting, barking)

  • pacing

  • emptying their bladder and/or bowels indoors (even when they are perfectly housetrained)

  • destructive behaviors

  • tearing up their bedding in the crate

  • chewing up your personal belongings

  • chewing up furniture

  • chewing window sills. door jambs, and even chewing through drywall!

Dogs With Separation Anxiety Are NOT Being Angry and Spiteful!

Some might say this behavior is nothing more than your dog acting out towards you for leaving them at home, accusing the dog of being angry or spiteful. Some punish the dog for this “bad” behavior.

This is NOT true!

Your dog isn’t being angry, bad, spiteful, or passive-aggressive. Please don’t punish this behavior. Separation anxiety is a true panic disorder, and your dog is having a surge of anxiety and panic when they are behaving this way. They are unable to calm themselves down on their own.

Is separation anxiety in dogs a new problem?

Decades ago, you’d rarely hear about separation anxiety in dogs. We lived differently and our dogs lived differently. There was an adult at home most of the time and many dogs lived outside and roamed during the day.

These dogs experienced less prolonged isolation day after day after day.

Now, our lifestyles are different. We ask dogs to stay home all by themselves with little to do but wait until we get home. Even leaving dogs home alone with access to a fenced yard via a pet door does not always help.

I’ve met a lot of people whose dogs dug out of the yard because they couldn’t handle the isolation. Most of us have no choice; public health leash laws prohibit us from letting our dogs roam freely. (And I’m OK with that!)

Separation anxiety in dogs is more common than you might think.

Some animal behaviorists think that upwards of 40% of dogs have some evidence of isolation distress or separation anxiety.It’s important to note that scientists are not clear on what causes separation anxiety in dogs.

Before you keep reading, I want you to know that you don’t cause separation anxiety in your dogs. If your dog has separation issues, it is not your fault, and there is help for your dog.

My dogs have separation issues: Otis

Otis’s issues wax and wane depending upon my schedule. Since losing my career job 7 years ago, I’m home more than I’m away. Usually. If I’m gone for a longer stretch one day a week, Otis seems fine with my absence. If this stretches to several days in a row, Otis’s distress becomes more obvious – he has been known to be destructive with his crate bedding and he’s even bent the bars in his wire crate. When he’s feeling particularly stressed, he will pick up his water bowl, and water and all, drag it around the house.


Sassy, my foster dog, developed separation anxiety during the brief period she was adopted.

In their home, Sassy was never left alone and never crated. She had those two skills when she fostered with me the first time. When she came back to my house, she refused to enter her crate, would not eat the treats I left in the crate, and the minute she saw me begin to get ready to leave, (shower, change clothes, turning on the hairdryer) she would stay close by me and follow me all around the house.

Thankfully, I saw evidence that she could be re-acclimated to the crate and me leaving. After some training, Sassy now is more relaxed as I prepare to leave the house. She still follows me around as I prepare to leave but when it’s time to crate, she eagerly goes in and looks for the treats I’ve left buried in her blankets.

Separation anxiety in dogs

Sassy knows that when I put on shoes, it means I’m going outside.

Separation Anxiety Versus Isolation Distress

Pat Miller, in her article on Separation Anxiety for Whole Dog Journal, breaks the differences down in two ways:

Distress vs Anxiety

Isolation vs Separation

In the first distinction, distress is a lower level of intensity in behaviors whereas anxiety falls into the panic spectrum.

Isolation in this context means the dog doesn’t want to be alone. Any human or even another pet serves as company and comfort for the dog. Separation, on the other hand, has an attachment factor. A dog with separation issues is bonded with (usually) a human and becomes anxious when that particular human is absent.

Charlie’s Story

My mother’s dog, Charlie is this way. Charlie is attached to her. Over time, he’s been able to adapt to her brief errands away from home. But the other week, my mother needed outpatient surgery, and she left the house in the wee hours of the morning before Charlie was awake.

Poor little thing was distraught and even though she returned home by 10 a.m., his anxiety was so high he didn’t eat anything that whole day and it was later the following day before he finally felt like eating. It’s possible that if mom had woken Charlie up, he’d seen her leave the house, he wouldn’t have been so anxious when he awoke and found her “missing.”

Emmy Lou

Emmy Lou, a deaf foster dog, taught me a lot about separation anxiety in dogs.

I first thought she had an extreme case of separation anxiety based on reports from previous foster homes. I did what I always do, I put dogs in crates (I was told she was crate trained) and Emmy Lou bloodied her bedding. I thought she was bleeding to death!

I could not get her to settle down. It finally occurred to me that I should set up a camera. I used my iPad set to video.

I left Emmy Lou loose in the house, and watched her have a moment of distress – she paced back and forth as she watched me back the car out of the driveway. As soon as my car disappeared from her view, she curled up on the back of the sofa facing the windows and waited to “hear” me arrive back home.

She didn’t have severe separation anxiety, she had severe crate aversion! She used her eyes to hear – she needed to be able to look out the window to see me come home. She was never confined to a crate again, and she and I began a wonderful journey of discovery.

During COVID-19, Prevent separation anxiety with your dogs or foster dogs

Recreate Pre-Pandemic Routines: First, spend a few minutes recalling your pre-stay-at-home schedule. Write it down.

  • What time did you get up?

  • What was your morning routine?

  • What was your dog’s morning routine?

  • How or where did your dog stay while you were away?

  • Did they stay in a crate?

  • Did they stay behind a barrier such as an x-pen or baby gate?

  • Did they have freedom in the whole house?

Then, think about:

  • Did your dog have any signs of anxiety then?

  • Did they follow you around while you were getting ready?

  • Did you occasionally find something chewed up?

  • Were there scratches on your door?

  • Was there an occasional puddle of urine in an odd place?

  • Film your dog while you are away

If you aren’t sure what your dog is doing while you are away, I strongly suggest you set up a way to watch your dog while you are away. I love the Wyze Camera, but you can use any nanny cam, or iPad, GoPro, or zoom technology, or even facetime. Anything that can video your dog. Most separation anxiety behaviors will display within the first hour, many within the first few minutes.

Recreate Those Routines To Help Prevent Separation Anxiety.

1. Find reasons to leave the house

Help your dog practice being left behind. Put a camera on them to see what they do in your absence.

Leave the house in your car. Get in your car and drive down the street. Pack a picnic. Go get take-out. Pretend you need milk from the store. Stay gone 5 minutes. 15 minutes. 2 minutes.

Go take a walk and leave your dogs at home. I know. It is unnatural, right? But, actually, you might get a better workout walking without your dogs and you are giving them the practice that sometimes mom or dad leave them alone at home.

Do yardwork and leave your dogs inside. Even if you are working in your fenced yard. Do it for half an hour. You don’t have to do it all day.

Go outside with your laptop or a book and leave your dogs inside.

When you go to the bathroom shut the door and leave the dog outside the room.

You get the idea.

When you are leaving your dogs inside the house, mimic the way you’ve been leaving them before you were asked to stay home and shelter in place. Did you leave them in crates? Behind a baby gate or other barrier? With the T.V. on? Did you give them treats or puzzle toys or did you say anything particular to them before you left? Do this ritual now.

2. Act like you are leaving the house.

Your dogs watch you as you are getting ready to leave the house. They watch your ritual. Your dog knows the order in which you do your grooming to get ready to leave! As you move through your ritual, your dog’s anticipation builds.

For my dogs, the cues seem to be: I change out of my pajamas (ha! TMI?) I put on shoes, (I’m usually barefoot) or I grab my car keys.

Shoes = my human is leaving.

Keys = I might be left alone.

When we pretend we are leaving, we have an opportunity to change the meaning of putting on shoes or picking up keys or in my case, changing into street clothes.

Over time, with repetition, our dogs will accept that nothing bad happens when we pick up keys or put on shoes and they begin to not react emotionally to those activities.

Shoes = meh. My human put on shoes.

Keys = meh. nothing exciting is going to happen.

Start doing these things when you aren’t going to leave the house. Pick up your keys. Put them down. Put them in your pocket. Walk around with them for a minute. Put them back where you usually store them. Do the same thing for any cue your dog recognizes as your ritual for leaving the house. Make keys, shoes, jackets, coffee, hairdryers as mundane as flipping on a light switch.

Prevent separation anxiety in dogs

Otis is too busy with his food toy to pay much attention to me. He’s OK being independent behind a barrier.

3. Crate or isolate your dogs for a period of time every day.

Even if you don’t leave the house.

When you give your puppy, dog or foster dog time alone, it allows them to increase their independence skills and tolerance for being alone.

A few years ago, I proudly informed my trainer that I crated Otis every afternoon from 1 pm -2 pm. She suggested I might want to not be so rigid in my schedule so that Otis would learn some flexibility.

Indeed, Otis likes a lot of predictability and when his schedule is varied too much for too long, he has a hard time. It is something we work on.

I learned to use the crates for all sorts of activities. Sometimes my dogs get their meals in their crates. Sometimes they sleep in their crates at night. Sometimes they have “crate time” in the morning, sometimes it is the afternoon. Sometimes it is for 15 minutes, sometimes it is for 2 hours.

I might crate them when I walk out to the mailbox or take the trash to the curb. I might leave them loose in the house for those couple of minutes.

Sometimes I crate them when I’m in the room, sometimes I crate them in a different room. If it is pretty outside, I might crate them outdoors.

If your dogs are not crate trained and you are now staying at home, it is the PERFECT time to gently teach your dog to love the crate. Please try. Having your dog accustomed to a crate can be helpful in a variety of situations and emergencies.

Other ways to help your dog learn that separation is OK:

1. Teach your dog “place”

Teaching “place” means that you train your dog to go to a specific place and stay there, even when you walk away.

This is an important skill and it’s useful for a variety of situations. “Place” teaches independent behavior. Once your dog learns what it means when you say “Place” you can practice increasing time and distance.

Ways to help your dog practice “place”:

  • During your mealtimes

  • When you are cooking dinner

  • When you need to open the front door

  • When you are working at your desk

  • While you are folding laundry or making the bed

  • I’ve provided a link to a youtube video at the end of this article if you want some guidance on how to start training your dog to go to “place”.

2. Practice using barriers to teach your dogs to settle

Get a baby gate or x-pen. Put your dogs on the other side of the barrier and attach a treat bag to your waistband. Using random reinforcement, reward any positive behavior you see: four feet on the floor, quiet, laying down, looking away from you. Your dog will repeat a behavior that is rewarded.

Another way to teach your dog to settle is to use food puzzles, kongs, bully sticks, etc to keep them occupied behind a barrier while you work, do chores, jump on a conference call, or search the internet. Over time, try to increase the distance between you and the barrier to increase your dog’s independent behavior. Continue to reward the desired behavior you see.

3. Use Music or the TV to help soothe and manage environmental noise

Scientific studies have shown that classical music helps reduce stress in dogs. It also masks external noise, so if you happen to be crating your anxious dog in another room, music can help cover up the noises you make while you are inside. Through A Dog’s Ear is a great source of music for dogs. I use the CDs and I do see results. I understand the music is also available on Spotify.

I’ve never used DogTV but I know some who have a membership – if you use DogTV with an anxious dog, let me know how it’s working for you.

Helping A Dog With Severe Separation Anxiety

Sometimes separation anxiety is severe and possibly life-threatening. The good news is: there is hope.

If you think your dog’s separation anxiety is severe and you don’t know what to do, please reach out to a specialized trainer. There are specialized trainers with expertise in separation anxiety who are providing help through virtual tools, so you have access to resources beyond your local dog trainers.

Teach Your Dog Skills To Prevent Separation Anxiety.

Whether or not your dog has separation anxiety, isolation distress, or is just darned excited to have you home all day, practicing the above activities will help the transition back to work smoother for you and for your dog. Teaching your dog how to be relaxed, calm, and content in your absence now will make the shift to a new schedule much easier for you and your dog. With all of this imposed free time, you have the perfect opportunity to provide your dogs with new and positive independence skills.

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I’m not entirely sure for whom I’m writing this, other than myself. I have no clue if it will make sense; I have a tendency to over think most things, especially where my dogs are involved. But I have a lot swirling through my head in the aftermath of putting Meesh to sleep. So here goes.

I have been thinking about damage.

Damaged dogs: Dogs born damaged, dogs who have been damaged by inadequate or ignorant husbandry/ownership. And damaged owners. Owners who have been damaged by struggling with damaged dogs.

I’ve had dogs come to me with damage. Some from poor care and ownership, some from bad breeding, some from breeders who casually informed me that “That’s the way the breed is”. My most recent struggle was with a dog who was perhaps a combination of not ideal ownership and the acceptance by breeders that “That’s the way the breed is”. I’ve heard all the words…”aloof”, “can be suspicious of strangers”, “takes time to warm up”. What I saw was a dog bordering on paralyzed by fear.

After 8 years of meds and micromanaging his life and careful desensitization and counter conditioning, Meesh’s brain finally gave up the ghost. What had been fear become terror. His tendency to flee became biting. I made what I considered the humane decision and euthanized him. What happened to me afterwards is what I need to write about.

I am flat. Empty. Spent. Not entirely due to Meesh, but I suspect an accumulation of damaged dogs in my life. My foster dogs from two different rescues, being the person who decides when a dog needs to be euthanized for one of those rescues, having lived with separation anxiety, noise phobias, genetics that lead to behavioural issues. You get into a habit…you just forget when you are up to your waist in alligators that you are there to drain the swamp, as the saying goes.

I’m tired. Tired of all the snake oil out there for “fixing” aberrant behaviour. All the beliefs that if you love them enough, are enough of a leader, are patient enough, use enough pheromones or special protocols or equipment, that the dog will be fixed. There often are no fixes with dogs that are hard wired for some of these aberrant behaviours.

And I’m mad. Mad that dogs seem to have become so fragile and breakable. That we don’t take seriously the stresses of living with us. We ARE their niche. They HAVE no choice. We owe it to them to be more knowledgeable about what we should and should not ask them to endure. That we shoot for more than just having the dog cope. We need to look at behaviour as more than just “dog bites” or “dog does not bite” when we assess the quality of life of some of these damaged dogs.

I don’t know why dealing with a behavioural mess wears me out more than a medical mess, but it does. Some of it, I think, is you WANT to believe you can fix the behavioural stuff. You DON’T want to euthanize an otherwise healthy animal. And those decisions get much harder when the dog doesn’t actually put anyone at risk for injury.

I spent a long time hoping that with my careful skills I could help Meesh live in the world. And in a very very small way, I succeeded. He could live, sort of, in a very very small world. This also meant I lived in a significantly smaller world. It meant I had to try and figure out if he had any quality of life in that small world. It also frequently led me to believe that his life was pretty good when I suspect it was merely adequate. It certainly could have been much worse, but man, he deserved much better than what he ended up with…..and we were only able to make so much progress….and then we plateaued. And just managed.

When I euthanized him, my first and foremost emotion was relief. For me, for him. I could contemplate being someplace over night. I could maybe travel again. My husband and son could be in the house without having Meesh at the top of the stairs yelling at them.

My other two dogs didn’t shift behaviour that much, but I saw signs of relaxation in them that I didn’t even know were missing. They had both always lived with Meesh. Now I do see them more relaxed. Less barky. Less aroused.

Meesh was damaged, likely from the genetics of his breed where fearfulness seems to be ‘normal’, but I am also damaged. I don’t want to ever have to live like this again, wavering between thinking he’s fine when he maybe isn’t. Spending too much time trying to figure out how to make things better without having to euthanize him.

As a culture, we are so careless. We hand over dogs to unsuspecting people who then struggle with behavioural issues they weren’t expecting and aren’t adequately prepared for. Even if you are able to deal with it, it leaves a mark. We leave these struggling owners open to every flimflam artist with a new “protocol” guaranteed to fix whatever behaviour issue. We may put folks in a dicey liability situation. The care for some of these dogs can rack up the bills in a big way: veterinary behaviourist consults, behaviour expert consults, meds, gates and crates and and and. While money isn’t the only consideration, it is still a consideration and we do owners a big disservice when we don’t acknowledge that. As breeders, we need to stop downplaying aberrant behaviour. We need to stop finding innocuous words to describe what can be serious behavioural abnormalities. When a breed shows a consistent tendency towards aberrant behaviour, the appropriate response is not to shrug. If you want to breed fearful dogs, then for the love of God, be honest about that. Don’t talk about being aloof or suspicious or needing time to warm up. Let the purchaser know that they will have a dog that may never ever accept anyone but you. That you may be in for years of managing this dog and his/her environment. That much of your life with be dictated by what this dog can and cannot handle.

As rescuers, we need to be more upfront about the likelihood of a Thai street dog easily acclimating to life in a downtown high rise condo where he/she will be expected to cope with dog parks and all the other aspects of living in a home in a city. We need to not tell adopters that “love and patience” will fix these dogs. We need to stop putting out sob stories that tear at the heart, but neglect the reality of living with some of these dogs. I get why folks bring in dogs from overseas and I am sure they believe that they are doing the right thing. Where I struggle is when the rescue isn’t even remotely able to properly assess these dogs and then set about to fix the dog by any means necessary. I’m tired of adopters of some of these dogs being afraid to euthanize a dog that has given them a level 4 bite. Or killed another dog.

As owners, we need to be vigilant. We need to scrutinize breeders, rescues and the dogs they are putting up for sale or adoption. We need to get our heads in the game and be realistic about what we can and can’t live with. We need to understand what we may be dealing with in the long run. We need to ask questions of trainers and behaviour consultants. We can no longer assume that a glitzy website means someone knows what they are doing. We need to keep an eye on our own desperation to fix a dog that may not be fixable. We need to understand that management is just that - we are managing - and that often isn’t enough and almost always fails at some point.

In the midst of letting Meesh go, I had a bunch of emails and PMs from folks struggling to make a decision about euthanasia with their dogs. In all cases it was about physical illness, but folks reach out to me cause “You’re so good with death”…..there’s a label for you….Mistress in the Art of Death.

And I’m actually happy (not the right word really) to help talk folks through this. It’s an essential part of making that very hard decision. But man, I’m worn pretty thin. I wish we talked more openly about euthanasia and the impact of some of these dogs on the owner’s quality of life.

Will I be fine? Sure. Eventually. But I will have a lot of hesitation in taking on another dog, knowingly or not, that has behaviour issues about which I’m not absolutely clear. I don’t want a dog where there isn’t a lot of joy in ownership.

And I always come back to the line I have tried to keep front and centre in my work with my dogs: Being alive isn’t the same as living. I’m not sure that Meesh actually did live. And that breaks my heart.

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 367 pugs rescued since October, 2005

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